Three-dimensional image integration: a first experience with guidance of atrial fibrillation ablations.

@article{Rubenstein2006ThreedimensionalII,
  title={Three-dimensional image integration: a first experience with guidance of atrial fibrillation ablations.},
  author={Jason C. Rubenstein and Alan H. Kadish},
  journal={Journal of cardiovascular electrophysiology},
  year={2006},
  volume={17 5},
  pages={467-8}
}
The treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) can be challenging, with a rate control strategy not being optimal for all patients and antiarrhythmic drugs frequently ineffective and possessing serious adverse effects. A fluoroscopic or electroanatomic catheter-based approach is rapidly becoming one of the preferred treatments of AF.1-3 However, success rates are still not ideal and complications due to damage of extra thoracic structures remain a problem.1 Also of concern is the significant… CONTINUE READING

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Also of concern is the significant ionizing radiation exposure during the prolonged fluoroscopy required to delineate the complex anatomy of the left atrium and pulmonary veins , even with advanced techniques to minimize exposure .
Also of concern is the significant ionizing radiation exposure during the prolonged fluoroscopy required to delineate the complex anatomy of the left atrium and pulmonary veins , even with advanced techniques to minimize exposure .
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