Three-Party Secure Semiquantum Summation without Entanglement Among Quantum User and Classical Users

  title={Three-Party Secure Semiquantum Summation without Entanglement Among Quantum User and Classical Users},
  author={Jia-Li Hu and Tian-Yu Ye},
  journal={International Journal of Theoretical Physics},
  • Jia-Li Hu, Tian-Yu Ye
  • Published 15 May 2022
  • Physics, Computer Science
  • International Journal of Theoretical Physics
: In this paper, a three-party secure semiquantum summation protocol, which can calculate the modulo 2 addition of the private bits from one quantum participant and two classical participants, is constructed by only using single qubits as the initial quantum resource. This protocol needs none of quantum entanglement swapping, the unitary operation or a pre-shared private key. This protocol only requires the quantum participant to perform the   0 , 1 basis measurements, the   , + − basis… 

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