Three-Dimensional VCSEL Simulation Using Vector Finite Elements

  • P. G. M. Nyakas
  • Published 2007 in
    2007 International Conference on Numerical…


The polarization-resolved optical modes of three-dimensional vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers are calculated. The Helmholtz-equation is discretized on prism elements, and the resulting eigenproblem is solved by an efficient numerical technique. The full vectorial treatment enables one to determine the polarization characteristics of these lasers. 


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