Three Celtic Toponyms: Setantii, Blencathra, and Pen-y-Ghent

  title={Three Celtic Toponyms: Setantii, Blencathra, and Pen-y-Ghent},
  author={Andrew Breeze},
  journal={Northern History},
  pages={161 - 165}
  • A. Breeze
  • Published 1 March 2006
  • History
  • Northern History
SETANTII, BLENCATHRA, AND PEN-Y-GHENT are Celtic forms, coming respectively from what are now Lancashire, Cumbria, and Yorkshire. Setantii refers to a people and is ancient; the others are mountain names of later date. All have mystified scholars. Yet there seem straightforward explanations for each, casting light on Celts in Northern Britain at different periods between the second century AD and the tenth. First, the Setantii of Lancashire and the River Seteia. Seteia and Setantii are Ptolemy… 


The Kingdom and Name of Elmet
'NORTHERN ENGLAND', we are told, 'retains an opacity during the early middle ages which is barely penetrable: the lives, group identities, cultural perspectives, economic activities and world
Cambridge Dictionary
    NY 2174) east of Dumfries is 'the Saxon's hill'. Even closer is Pennygant
      Angles and Britons in Northumbria and Cumbria
      • 1963
      hence suggest a meaning 'hill of the foreigners', whether English or Viking. Other toponyms support this. Pensax (SO 7269) north-west of Worcester is 'hill of Saxons