Three Celtic Toponyms: Setantii, Blencathra, and Pen-y-Ghent

@article{Breeze2006ThreeCT,
  title={Three Celtic Toponyms: Setantii, Blencathra, and Pen-y-Ghent},
  author={Andrew Charles Breeze},
  journal={Northern History},
  year={2006},
  volume={43},
  pages={161 - 165}
}
  • A. Breeze
  • Published 2006
  • History
  • Northern History
SETANTII, BLENCATHRA, AND PEN-Y-GHENT are Celtic forms, coming respectively from what are now Lancashire, Cumbria, and Yorkshire. Setantii refers to a people and is ancient; the others are mountain names of later date. All have mystified scholars. Yet there seem straightforward explanations for each, casting light on Celts in Northern Britain at different periods between the second century AD and the tenth. First, the Setantii of Lancashire and the River Seteia. Seteia and Setantii are Ptolemy… Expand

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'NORTHERN ENGLAND', we are told, 'retains an opacity during the early middle ages which is barely penetrable: the lives, group identities, cultural perspectives, economic activities and worldExpand
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  • 1963
Cambridge Dictionary
    NY 2174) east of Dumfries is 'the Saxon's hill'. Even closer is Pennygant
      hence suggest a meaning 'hill of the foreigners', whether English or Viking. Other toponyms support this. Pensax (SO 7269) north-west of Worcester is 'hill of Saxons