Threat-related attentional bias in anxious and nonanxious individuals: a meta-analytic study.

  title={Threat-related attentional bias in anxious and nonanxious individuals: a meta-analytic study.},
  author={Yair Bar-Haim and Dominique Lamy and Lee Pergamin and Marian J. Bakermans-Kranenburg and Marinus H. van IJzendoorn},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  volume={133 1},
This meta-analysis of 172 studies (N = 2,263 anxious,N = 1,768 nonanxious) examined the boundary conditions of threat-related attentional biases in anxiety. Overall, the results show that the bias is reliably demonstrated with different experimental paradigms and under a variety of experimental conditions, but that it is only an effect size of d = 0.45. Although processes requiring conscious perception of threat contribute to the bias, a significant bias is also observed with stimuli outside… 

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