Threat Behavior of the Black Bear (Ursus americanus)

@inproceedings{Jordan1976ThreatBO,
  title={Threat Behavior of the Black Bear (Ursus americanus)},
  author={Robert H. Jordan},
  year={1976}
}
European ethologists have contributed to the understanding of bear behavior in general and European brown bea r s (Ursus arctos) in part icular. Direct observational studies of captive and wild North American black bears which equal the methodological sophistication and depth of the European ethologists a r e only beginning to appear in the United States and Canada. Pruit t , Bacon & Burghardt, and Ludlow (Paper s 8 , l and 2, and 6 in this volume), Henry & Herre ro (1974), Burghardt… 

Figures from this paper

Play and Agonistic Behavior in Young Captive Black Bears
With few exceptions (Leyhausen 1948; Meyer-Holzapfel 1957; Krott and Krott 1963; Stonorov and Stokes 1972) we have known little about social behavior in bears. Until recently, the often solitary
Employing an Ethogram to Detect Reactivity of Black Bears (Ursus americanus) to the Presence of Humans
TLDR
More systematic studies are needed with all species to develop guidelines for both evaluating and countering reactivity, and to describe the responses of black bears to the presence of humans.
Black Bear Aggression in the Backcountry of Yosemite National Park
Nine hundred and ninety-two interactions were recorded between black bears (Ursus americanus) and visitors in the backcountry of Yosemite National Park during 1978-79. Ursid aggression was observed
Vocal repertoire of Asiatic Black Bear (Ursus thibetanus) cubs
TLDR
The vocalizations of three wild orphaned cubs reared by two observers in natural conditions in the Russian Far East are investigated, indicating that the vocal repertoire of the Asiatic Black Bear cubs is graded, but includes at least two discrete sound types.
Acoustic Communication by Fissiped Carnivores
TLDR
It is probably no accident that wolf howling—unlike other acoustic signals of carnivores—is one of the best-studied mammalian vocalizations.
Aggressive body language of bears and wildlife viewing: a response to Geist (2011)
Geist’s (2011) commentary has 3 main points: (1) habituation increases risk that large-bodied wildlife will injure people; (2) an animal’s body language oft en provides reliable clues of impending
Fatal Attacks by American Black Bear on People: 1900–2009
ABSTRACT At least 63 people were killed in 59 incidents by non-captive black bear (Ursus americanus) during 1900–2009. Fatal black bear attacks occurred in Canada and Alaska (n = 49) and in the
Reproductive behaviour, endocrinology and captive breeding of the Malayan Sun bear (Ursus malayanus) : a thesis presented in partial fuflilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Zoology at Massey University
TLDR
Analysis of studbook data and breeding records from Sun bears in North American and New Zealand zoos revealed that reproduction in these populations is strongly seasonal with the majority of births occurring during summer and autumn, and a bimodal pattern of reproduction was observed.
Spatial representation of magnitude in humans (Homo sapiens), Western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla), and American black bears (Ursus americanus)
TLDR
Examination of patterns of response on a quantity discrimination task in American black bears, Western lowland gorillas, and humans found limited evidence for SNARC effect, revealing the importance of standardizing methodology and analyses when comparing SNARC effects between species.
Eavesdropping in solitary large carnivores: Black bears advance and vocalize toward cougar playbacks
TLDR
Playback experiments demonstrate that attending to cues indicative of the immediate presence of heterospecific competitors plays a substantial role in influencing competition among these species, and suggests eavesdropping may be common among solitary large carnivores, and may be an important driver of competition between these species.
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 14 REFERENCES
The Social Behaviour of Brown Bears on an Alaskan Salmon Stream
TLDR
Social affiliations between brown bears are restricted to family groups of a female and offspring and sibling l i t ter mates that remain together for 1 to 3 years after separation f rom the female (Stonorov & Stokes 1972).
Notes on the Behavioral Development of Two Female Black Bear Cubs: The First Eight Months
To understand the behavior of the black bear (Uvsus americanus), field studies a r e naturally of primary importance. While substantial beginnings (e.g., Herrero, in press ; Jonkel 1967) have been
Social Play in the American Black Bear: Its Similarity to Canid Social Play and an Examination of its Identifying Characteristics
Bears evolved from a canid stock at quite a recent date (early Miocene). Despite this recent origin, bcars show substantial morphological, physiologicai, and ecological differences when compared to
Ingestive behaviors of the black bear
  • This volume Paper 1.
  • 1976
Behavioral r e sea rch on common animals in smal l zoos
  • pp. 103-133. In Research in Zoos and Aquariums. Washington, D.C., National Academy of Sciences: 103-133.
  • 1975
Behavioral r e sea rch on common animals in smal l zoos . pp . 103 - 133 The social behavior of brown bea r s on an Alaskan salmon stream
  • 1975
Play and agonistic behavior in captive black bears
  • This volume Paper
  • 1974
Protocol at the annual brown bear fish feast
  • Natural History
  • 1972
...
1
2
...