Threat Behavior of the Black Bear (Ursus americanus)

  title={Threat Behavior of the Black Bear (Ursus americanus)},
  author={Robert H. Jordan},
European ethologists have contributed to the understanding of bear behavior in general and European brown bea r s (Ursus arctos) in part icular. Direct observational studies of captive and wild North American black bears which equal the methodological sophistication and depth of the European ethologists a r e only beginning to appear in the United States and Canada. Pruit t , Bacon & Burghardt, and Ludlow (Paper s 8 , l and 2, and 6 in this volume), Henry & Herre ro (1974), Burghardt… 

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