Thoughts on the relations between emotion and cognition.

  title={Thoughts on the relations between emotion and cognition.},
  author={Richard S. Lazarus},
  journal={American Psychologist},
  • R. Lazarus
  • Published 1982
  • Psychology
  • American Psychologist
This paper argues that thought is a necessary condition of emotion. It therefore opposes the •stance taken by Zajonc, which reflects two widespread misunderstandings about what is meant by cognitive processes in emotion: (a) that a cognitive appraisal of the significance of an encounter for one's well-being must occur in fixed stages through the information processing of initially meaningless inputs from the environment; and (b) that such an appraisal is necessarily deliberate, rational, and… Expand
Interaction of Emotion and Cognition in the Processing of Textual Material
Cognitive psychology and cognitive science have only recently come to acknowledge that human beings are not “pure” cognitive systems, and that emotions may be more than simply another form ofExpand
On the primacy of affect.
Lazarus has challenged the view that there are circumstances under which affect precedes cognition and that affective arousal that does not entail prior cognitive appraisal exists. His argument,Expand
Cognition and Emotion Cognitive Determinants of Emotion
    INTRODUCTION Much of cognitive psychology is still influenced to some extent by the computer analogy or metaphor , although much less so than used to be the case. For example, this can be seen in theExpand
    Cognition and motivation in emotion.
    The role of cognition--and to some extent motivation--in emotion, the ways meaning is generated, unconscious appraising, and the implications of this way of thinking for life-span development areExpand
    The Relationship of Emotion to Cognition: A Functional Approach to a Semantic Controversy
    Abstract We first review the main points in the dispute about whether emotion is primary and independent of cognition (Zajonc), or secondary and always dependent upon cognition (Lazarus), and suggestExpand
    On the Primacy of Cognition.
    Zajonc and I differ greatly in our conceptualization of emotion and its relations with cognition, as well as in our evaluation of the evidence. My reply is in two parts. First, I discuss theExpand
    Emotion-Cognition Interaction and Language
    Analysing the triangle consisting of emotion cognition language from an evolutionary point of view it seems evident that emotion and cognition are much older than language. A lot of species act in aExpand
    Cognition and Emotion
    In much of the debate concerning the philosophy and psychology of cognition and emotion, Aristotle’s theory is taken to support a functionalist, cognition-first account. This brand of functionalismExpand
    Knowledge and Appraisal in the Cognition-Emotion Relationship
    Abstract Recently there has been considerable theoretical and empirical work attempting to identify specific cognitive dimensions that shape the emotional response. However, this work has almostExpand
    Interactions Between Emotion and Cognition: A Neurobiological Perspective
    Throughout human history, cognition and emotion have been considered two separate, usually opposing, mental processes. We already find evidence of this presumed dichotomy in the Bible, where we learnExpand


    Emotion Work, Feeling Rules, and Social Structure
    This essay proposes an emotion-management perspective as a lens through which to inspect the self, interaction, and structure. Emotion, it is argued, can be and ofter is subject to acts ofExpand
    Outlines of Psychology
    After Wundt’s change of status from being a physiologist of no particular note to professor of philosophy at Germany’s largest university, it was natural that he should make a more careful statementExpand
    Remembering: A Study in Experimental and Social Psychology
    Part I. Experimental Studies: 2. Experiment in psychology 3. Experiments on perceiving III Experiments on imaging 4-8. Experiments on remembering: (a) The method of description (b) The method ofExpand
    Psychosomatic Disease and the "Visceral Brain": Recent Developments Bearing on the Papez Theory of Emotion
    • P. Maclean
    • Psychology, Medicine
    • Psychosomatic medicine
    • 1949
    Little information has accumulated to indicate by what mechanism the emotions can so act on autonomic centers as to lead to diseases as diverse as essential hypertension, peptic ulcer, asthma, etc. Expand
    Reason and emotion in psychotherapy
    In what case do you like reading so much? What about the type of the reason and emotion in psychotherapy book? The needs to read? Well, everybody has their own reason why should read some books.Expand
    A mathematical theory of communication
    • C. Shannon
    • Computer Science, Mathematics
    • Bell Syst. Tech. J.
    • 1948
    In this final installment of the paper we consider the case where the signals or the messages or both are continuously variable, in contrast with the discrete nature assumed until now. To aExpand
    The quest for primary motives: Biography and autobiography of an idea.
    Feeling and thinking : Preferences need no inferences
    Computer simulation of human thinking.
    Cognition, emotion and motivation: The doctoring of Humpty-Dumpty
    • New York: McGraw-Hill,
    • 1982