Thought, language, and communication in schizophrenia: diagnosis and prognosis.

  title={Thought, language, and communication in schizophrenia: diagnosis and prognosis.},
  author={Nancy C. Andreasen and William M. Grove},
  journal={Schizophrenia bulletin},
  volume={12 3},
Using the Scale for the Assessment of Thought, Language, and Communication (TLC), we examined the frequency of "thought disorder" in 94 normal volunteers and 100 psychiatric patients (25 each suffering from manic disorder, schizoaffective disorder, schizophrenic disorder, disorganized type, and schizophrenic disorder, paranoid type). We observed the manics to have a substantial amount of thought disorder and the normals to have a modest amount, suggesting that thought disorder is probably not… 

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  • Psychology, Medicine
    Archives of general psychiatry
  • 1979
This investigation demonstrates that associative loosening can no longer be considered pathognomonic of schizophrenia and it is recommended that the practice of referring globally to "thought disorder," as if it were homogeneous, be avoided in the future.

The Consistency of Thought Disorder in Mania and Schizophrenia: An Assessment of Acute Psychotics

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Thought, language, and communication disorders. I. Clinical assessment, definition of terms, and evaluation of their reliability.

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