Thorough warm-up before take-off in honey bee swarms

@article{Seeley2003ThoroughWB,
  title={Thorough warm-up before take-off in honey bee swarms},
  author={Thomas D Seeley and Marco Kleinhenz and Brigitte Bujok and J{\"u}rgen Tautz},
  journal={Naturwissenschaften},
  year={2003},
  volume={90},
  pages={256-260}
}
In a bivouacked swarm of honey bees, most individuals are quiescent while a small minority (the scouts) are active in choosing the swarm's future nest site. This study explores the way in which the members of a swarm warm their flight muscles for take-off when the swarm eventually decamps. An infrared camera was used to measure the thoracic (flight muscle) temperatures of individual bees on the surface of a swarm cluster. These are generally the coolest bees in a swarm. The warming of the… CONTINUE READING
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