Thoracoscopic mediastinal lymph node sampling: useful for mediastinal lymph node stations inaccessible by cervical mediastinoscopy.


Cervical mediastinoscopy is useful for the diagnosis of paratracheal lymph node metastasis from bronchogenic carcinoma. Access to adenopathy in the aorticopulmonary window, anterior mediastinal, periazygos, and subcarinal lymph nodes is difficult with this technique. Operative visibility in these locations through anterior mediastinotomy, the Chamberlain… (More)


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