Thoracoscopic internal mammary sentinel node biopsy for breast cancer

  title={Thoracoscopic internal mammary sentinel node biopsy for breast cancer},
  author={Yukihisa Ogawa and Tadao Ishikawa and Tatsuo Sawada and S Chung and Hirohisa Osaka and Tsutomu Takashima and Naoyoshi Onoda and Yuichiro Kato and Hideki Ochi and Kosei Hirakawa},
  journal={Surgical Endoscopy And Other Interventional Techniques},
Sentinel node (SN) biopsy has changed the management of breast cancer. This pilot study assessed the utility of lymphatic mapping and thoracoscopic SN biopsy for internal mammary node (IMN) staging. Forty-nine breast cancer patients underwent lymphatic mapping using 99mTc-tin colloid. Patients with IMSNs underwent thoracoscopic biopsy. Lymphoscintigraphy showed IMSNs in 15 of 49 cases (31%). The incidence of IMN drainage was relationed to age and tumor location; 50% of patients younger than age… CONTINUE READING


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