Thoracoscopic and laparoscopic oesophagectomy improves the quality of extended lymphadenectomy


Oesophagectomy with extended lymphadenectomy carries considerable morbidity due to parietal trauma. It is also technically extremely demanding because the difficult access even through a large thoracotomy requires the use of long instruments to reach the deepest recess in the chest cavity. Since the first thoracoscopic oesophagectomy reported by Cuschieri… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s00464-006-2020-1


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