A report on bovine fetal Ectopia cordis cervicalis associated with two cervical sacs
- sacs Hamali, and Ashrafihelan
Thoracoabdominal heart is a subgroup of the rare ectopia cordis complex. It may be part of an unusual syndrome with multiple abnormalities involving the anterior abdominal wall, sternum, diaphragm, pericardium and heart. A twin who died immediately after delivery showed four of the five defects in this syndrome.