Thomas Andrews and the Critical Point

  title={Thomas Andrews and the Critical Point},
  author={John Shipley Rowlinson},
It is a hundred years since Thomas Andrews delivered the Bakerian Lecture at the Royal Society. In it he described work on the critical point which formed a basis for the theoreticians who followed him. 
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XVIII. The Bakerian Lecture.—On the continuity of the gaseous and liquid states of matter
  • T. Andrews
  • Chemistry
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London
  • 1869
In 1822 M. Cagniard de la Tour observed that certain liquids, such as ether, alcohol, and water, when heated in hermetically sealed glass tubes, became apparently reduced to vapour in a space from
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The van der Waals, Cahn—Hilliard theory of interfacial tension is reformulated for a fluid in the neighborhood of its critical point. The reformulated theory becomes equivalent to the
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  • J. Thomson
  • Chemistry
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
  • 1872
When we find a substance capable of existing in two fluid states different in density and other properties while the temperature and pressure are the same in both, and when we find also that an
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  • M. Faraday
  • Materials Science
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London
  • 1845
The experiments formerly made on the liquefaction of gases*, and the results which from time to time have been added to this branch of knowledge, especially by M.Thilorier, have left a constant