This Mine is Mine! How Minerals Fuel Conflicts in Africa

@article{Berman2015ThisMI,
  title={This Mine is Mine! How Minerals Fuel Conflicts in Africa},
  author={Nicolas Berman and Mathieu Couttenier and Dominic Rohner and Mathias Thoenig},
  journal={Conflict Studies: Intra-State Conflict eJournal},
  year={2015}
}
This paper studies empirically the impact of mining on conflicts in Africa. Using novel data, we combine geo-referenced information over the 1997-2010 period on the location and characteristics of violent events and mining extraction of 27 minerals. Working with a grid covering all African countries at a spatial resolution of 0.5 0.5 degree, we find a sizeable impact of mining activity on the probability/intensity of conflict at the local level. This is both true for low-level violence (riots… 
The Local Economic Impact of Mineral Mining in Africa: Evidence from Four Decades of Satellite Imagery
Mining projects often gain support from communities through promises of benefits to the local economy, though the empirical evidence is mixed: mineral assets are advantageous in some circumstances
Concession Stands: How Mining Investments Incite Protest in Africa
TLDR
It is shown that mining has contrasting effects on social and armed conflict: while the probability of protests or riots increases after mining starts, there is no increase in rebel activity, and it is showed that the likelihood of social conflict rises with plausibly exogenous increases in world commodity prices.
Digging Deeper: On the Role of Grievances in African Mining Conflicts
A substantial literature holds that mining operations frequently lead to adverse outcomes for local communities, especially by increasing the risk of political violence. Recent empirical studies of
Natural Resources and Conflict in Africa: What Do the Data Show?
The empirical relationship between natural resources and conflict in Africa is not very well understood. Using a novel geocoded data set, we are able to construct a quasi-natural experiment to
The European coal curse
In this paper we examine the impact of natural resource wealth by focusing on historical coal-mining across European regions. As an exogenous source of variation in coal extraction activities, we
Beware of the mine! the political economy of mines in Northern Mozambique
We examine the effect of natural resources on the social and political fabric of lowincome communities. We combine geospatial data on mining activity with household surveys we conducted in Northern
Mining and Local Corruption in Africa
We investigate whether mining affects local-level corruption in Africa. Several cross-country analyses report that natural resource production and wealth have adverse effects on political
Fertile Ground for Conflict
We investigate how variations in soil productivity affect civil conflicts. We first present a model with heterogeneous land in which variations in input prices (fertilizers) affect appropriable
Damned by dams? Infrastructure and conflict
This study investigates the impact of dams on local conflict across the world with georeferenced location information on dams and conflict events for the years 1989 to 2016. The identification
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 85 REFERENCES
Mining and Local Corruption in Africa
We investigate whether mining affects local-level corruption in Africa. Several cross-country analyses report that natural resource production and wealth have adverse effects on political
Mineral resources and conflicts in DRC: a case of ecological fallacy?
We estimate the impact of geo-located mining concessions on the number of conflict events recorded in the Democratic Republic of the Congo between 1997 and 2007. Instrumenting the variable of
The spoils of nature: Armed civil conflict and rebel access to natural resources
Why is armed civil conflict more common in resource-dependent countries than in others? Several studies have attempted to unravel mechanisms on why natural resources are linked to armed conflict, but
Geography and macroeconomics: new data and new findings.
  • W. Nordhaus
  • Economics
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2006
TLDR
The present study introduces data on global economic activity, the G-Econ database, which measures economic activity for all large countries, measured at a 1 degree latitude by 1 degree longitude scale, and uses it to provide estimates of the economic impact of greenhouse warming, with larger estimates of warming damages than past studies.
Oil and Conflict: What Does the Cross-Country Evidence Really Show?
This paper examines the effect of oil abundance on political violence. First, we revisit one of the main empirical findings of the civil conflict literature that oil abundance causes civil war. Using
Diamonds are Forever, Wars are Not - Is Conflict Bad for Private Firms?
This Paper studies the relationship between civil war and private investment in a poor, resource abundant country using microeconomic data for Angola. We focus on diamond mining firms and conduct an
Deadly Combat over Natural Resources
This article empirically examines how natural resources affect the severity of armed civil conflict. It finds that drug cultivation in the conflict area is associated with less severe conflicts but
DEMILITARIZING MINING AREAS IN THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO : THE CASE OF NORTHERN KATANGA PROVINCE
w The illegal economic exploitation of artisanal mining areas by military forces is a persistent problem in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), even in areas such as northern Katanga
A Closer Look at Oil, Diamonds, and Civil War
▪ Abstract Studies of natural resource wealth and civil war have been hampered by measurement error, endogeneity, lack of robustness, and uncertainty about causal mechanisms. This paper develops new
...
...