Thirty years of research on the functional analysis of problem behavior.

@article{Beavers2013ThirtyYO,
  title={Thirty years of research on the functional analysis of problem behavior.},
  author={Gracie A. Beavers and Brian A. Iwata and Dorothea C. Lerman},
  journal={Journal of applied behavior analysis},
  year={2013},
  volume={46 1},
  pages={
          1-21
        }
}
Hanley, Iwata, and McCord (2003) reviewed studies published through 2000 on the functional analysis (FA) of problem behavior. We update that review for 2001 through 2012, including 158 more recent studies that reported data from 445 FAs. Combined with data obtained from Hanley et al., 435 FA studies, with line graphs for 981 FAs, have been published since 1961. We comment on recent trends in FA research and introduce the studies in the 2013 special issue of the Journal of Applied Behavior… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Correspondence between functional analyses of mands and functional analyses of problem behavior
ABSTRACT When problem behavior is dangerous, there is precedent in the literature for inferring its function by conducting a functional analysis (FA) of less severe response topographies that
A comparison of sources of baseline data for treatments of problem behavior following a functional analysis.
TLDR
Results suggest that similar decisions are made in regard to treatment efficacy using the different sources of baseline data, but using data from a multielement functional analysis as baseline may save time.
Efficiency in functional analysis of problem behavior: A quantitative and qualitative review.
TLDR
In the present review, ongoing visual-inspection criteria and basic probability theory are used to compare and analyze levels of efficiency across FA types and provide recommendations for maximizing efficiency during an FA.
Toward accurate inferences of response class membership.
TLDR
All topographies of problem behavior that were reported by caregivers to co-occur with the most concerning problem behavior were analyzed and it was found that the mostcerning topographies were sensitive to the same synthesized reinforcement contingencies as the less concerning topographies.
Evaluating the boundaries of analytic efficiency and control: A consecutive controlled case series of 26 functional analyses.
TLDR
It is found that control over problem behavior was demonstrated when conducting functional analyses with sessions as brief as 3 min, and the utility of brief session durations was found.
On the Occurrence of Dangerous Problem Behavior during Functional Analysis: An Evaluation of 30 Applications
TLDR
It is found that participants were more likely to exhibit the non-dangerous behavior in 82% of the applications and functional analyses with the open-contingency class reduced the likelihood of observing dangerous problem behavior.
Precursor behavior and functional analysis: A brief review.
TLDR
A decision-making model is proposed, in which practitioners integrate procedures to identify precursors into the functional-analysis process, to expedite the analysis of severe problem behaviors.
Interview-informed synthesized contingency analyses: Thirty replications and reanalysis.
TLDR
This work attempted to illustrate an alternative efficient process for conducting FAs of problem behavior that relied on modifying those core components of the Iwata, Dorsey, Slifer, Bauman, and Richman (1982/1994) procedures.
Within-subject analysis of a prevention strategy for problem behavior.
TLDR
Results showed that the sensitivity tests identified establishing operations that may set the occasion for the development of problem behavior and that interventions based on differential reinforcement prevented increases in the severity of problembehavior relative to untreated and control baselines.
Multiple schedules in practical application: Research trends and implications for future investigation.
TLDR
31 studies with 147 applications identified through a search of the applied literature on multiple schedules are reviewed and recommended multiple-schedule procedures that serve as best practice guidelines for applied behavior analysts are recommended.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 92 REFERENCES
Prevalence of multiply controlled problem behavior.
TLDR
Data for 88 of 521 subjects reported in 168 studies met the criteria for multiple control, suggesting that when multiple control is observed, it often may be a by-product of response aggregation during assessment.
On the origin and functions of the term functional analysis.
TLDR
This essay describes how Skinner initially applied the concept of functional analysis to an understanding of verbal behavior, and suggests that the same tactic be applied to the verbal behavior of behavior analysts to the term functional analysis.
Functional analysis of problem behavior: a review.
TLDR
The literature was reviewed in an attempt to identify best practices and directions for future research on pretreatment functional analyses.
Idiosyncratic variables that affect functional analysis outcomes: a review (2001-2010).
TLDR
The objective of the present review was to present a quantitative analysis of idiosyncratic antecedents and consequences in modified functional analyses during the past decade (2001 to 2010).
AN EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS
This paper reports on an experiment that investigates the apparently robust phenomenon of over-sensitivity of consumption to current income. Using a particularly simple formulation, we also
Experimental analysis of precursors to severe problem behavior.
TLDR
This paper evaluated noncontingent reinforcement schedule thinning plus differential reinforcement of alternative behavior to reduce precursors, increase appropriate behavior, and maintain low rates of severe behavior during 3 treatment analyses for 2 subjects and showed that this treatment strategy was effective for behaviors maintained by positive and negative reinforcement.
Functional analysis screening for problem behavior maintained by automatic reinforcement.
TLDR
The alone condition may represent an efficient screening procedure when maintenance by automatic reinforcement is suspected and accurately predicted the function of problem behavior (social vs. automatic reinforcement) in 28 of 30 cases.
Further analysis of problem behavior in response class hierarchies.
TLDR
A functional analysis identified the reinforcers for 3 participants' problem behavior, but only relatively mild problem behaviors were observed when all topographies produced tested consequences, and an extinction analysis confirmed that the same reinforcer maintained more severe topographies of problem behavior.
Test-specific control conditions for functional analyses.
TLDR
Responding during alone, ignore, play, and differential reinforcement of other behavior (DRO) control conditions for individuals whose problem behavior was maintained by positive or negative reinforcement showed that all of the conditions were effective controls for problem behavior maintained bypositive reinforcement.
A procedure for identifying precursors to problem behavior.
TLDR
When contingencies were arranged for the precursor in a functional analysis, the same function was identified as for target behavior, supporting the utility of indirect and descriptive methods to identify precursor behavior empirically.
...
...