Third generation photovoltaics

@article{Brown2009ThirdGP,
  title={Third generation photovoltaics},
  author={G. F. Brown and J. Wu},
  journal={Laser \& Photonics Reviews},
  year={2009},
  volume={3}
}
  • G. BrownJ. Wu
  • Published 1 July 2009
  • Physics
  • Laser & Photonics Reviews
We review recent progress towards increasing solar cell efficiencies beyond the Shockley‐Queisser efficiency limit. Four main approaches are highlighted: multi‐junction cells, intermediate‐band cells, hot carrier cells and spectrum conversion. Multi‐junction cells use multiple solar cells that selectively absorb different regions of the solar spectrum. Intermediate‐band cells use one junction with multiple bandgaps to increase efficiencies. Hot‐carrier cells convert the excess energy of above… 

Development of Inorganic Solar Cells by Nano-technology

Inorganic solar cells, as durable photovoltaic devices for harvesting electric energy from sun light, have received tremendous attention due to the fear of exhausting the earth’s energy resources and

Prospects of Graphene as a Potential Carrier-Transport Material in Third-Generation Solar Cells.

The diverse role of graphene in third-generation OPVs and DSSCs will be deliberated to provide an insight on the prospects and challenges of graphenein inorganic-organic hybrid perovskite solar cells.

Upconverter solar cells: materials and applications

Spectral conversion of sunlight is a promising route to reduce spectral mismatch losses that are responsible for the major part of the efficiency losses in solar cells. Both upconversion and

Enhancing solar cell efficiency: the search for luminescent materials as spectral converters.

This review will survey recent progress in the development of spectral converters, with a particular emphasis on lanthanide-based upconversion, quantum-cutting and down-shifting materials, for PV applications, and present technical challenges that arise in developing cost-effective high-performance solar cells based on these luminescent materials.

Quantum Dots for Intermediate Band in Solar Cells

The commercially available solar cells suffer from low efficiency and high cost. This would avoid presence of solar cells as a secure energy resource in the market. Problems stem from two facts.

Hot carrier photovoltaics in van der Waals heterostructures

Successfully designing an ideal solar cell requires an understanding of the fundamental physics of photoexcited hot carriers (HCs) and the underlying mechanism of unique photovoltaic performance.

Exceeding the Shockley–Queisser limit in solar energy conversion

We summarize our recent explorations of photophysical mechanisms that may be utilized in solar cells with power conversion efficiency theoretically exceeding the Shockley–Queisser limit. The dominant

Innovative approaches in thin film photovoltaic cells

Abstract: This chapter discusses the use of new approaches in thin film photovoltaic solar cells. The chapter first reviews devices which use nanowires and quantum dots in inorganic thin film solar

AlGaInAs Quantum Dots for Intermediate Band Formation in Solar Cell Devices

In this chapter, we focus on the integration of composition tailored AlGaInAs quantum dots (QDs) into AlGaAs p–i–n diode structures for solar cell (SC) applications. This type of QDs can absorb a
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 129 REFERENCES

A new approach to high‐efficiency multi‐band‐gap solar cells

The advantages of using multi‐quantum‐well or superlattice systems as the absorbers in concentrator solar cells are discussed. By adjusting the quantum‐well width, an effective band‐gap variation

Third generation photovoltaics

  • G. Conibeer
  • Physics
    2008 2nd Electronics System-Integration Technology Conference
  • 2008
The concept of third generation photovoltaics is to significantly increase device efficiencies whilst still using thin film processes and abundant non-toxic materials. This can be achieved by

29.5%‐efficient GaInP/GaAs tandem solar cells

We report on multijunction GaInP/GaAs photovoltaic cells with efficiencies of 29.5% at 1‐sun concentration and air mass (AM) 1.5 global and 25.7% 1‐sun, AM0. These values represent the highest

Next generation photovoltaics : high efficiency through full spectrum utilization

Non-conventional photovoltaic technology: a need to reach goals A. Luque and A. Marti Trends in development of solar photovoltaics Zh. I. Alferov and V.D. Rumyantsev Thermodynamics of solar

Improving solar cell efficiencies by up-conversion of sub-band-gap light

A system for solar energy conversion using the up-conversion of sub-band-gap photons to increase the maximum efficiency of a single-junction conventional, bifacial solar cell is discussed. An

Third generation photovoltaics : advanced solar energy conversion

Black-Bodies, White Suns.- Energy, Entropy and Efficiency.- Single Junction Cells.- Tandem Cells.- Hot Carrier Cells.- Multiple Electron-Hole Pairs per Photon.- Impurity Photovoltaic and Multiband

Radiative efficiency limit of terrestrial solar cells with internal carrier multiplication

Charge multiplication by hot carriers in semiconductors opens a new perspective for improved photovoltaic energy conversion. Here, we estimate the theoretical limit for the efficiency of solar cells

Improving solar cell efficiencies by down-conversion of high-energy photons

One of the major loss mechanisms leading to low energy conversion efficiencies of solar cells is the thermalization of charge carriers generated by the absorption of high-energy photons. These losses
...