Third-Party and Independent Candidates in American Politics: Wallace, Anderson, and Perot

  title={Third-Party and Independent Candidates in American Politics: Wallace, Anderson, and Perot},
  author={Paul R. Abramson and John H. Aldrich and Philip Paolino and David W. Rohde},
  journal={Political Science Quarterly},
Between 1852 and 1992 the United States held thirty-six presidential elections. The Democrats won fifteen, the Republicans won the other twenty-one. This duopoly has been threatened from time to time, and Perot's 1992 challenge was remarkably successful in winning popular votes. But no third-party or independent candidate has come close to winning the presidency, largely because the electoral rules in the United States create barriers that third parties and independent candidates have been… 

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