Thinking while talking: adults fail nonverbal false-belief reasoning.

@article{Newton2007ThinkingWT,
  title={Thinking while talking: adults fail nonverbal false-belief reasoning.},
  author={Ashley M Newton and Jill de Villiers},
  journal={Psychological science},
  year={2007},
  volume={18 7},
  pages={
          574-9
        }
}
This experiment tested the ability of 81 adult subjects to make a decision on a simple nonverbal false-belief reasoning task while concurrently either shadowing prerecorded spoken dialogue or tapping along with a rhythmic shadowing track. Our results showed that the verbal task, but not tapping, significantly disrupted false-belief reasoning, suggesting that language plays a key role in working theory of mind in adults, even when the false-belief reasoning is nonverbal. 
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