Thinking and caring about cognitive inconsistency: when and for whom does attitudinal ambivalence feel uncomfortable?

  title={Thinking and caring about cognitive inconsistency: when and for whom does attitudinal ambivalence feel uncomfortable?},
  author={Ian R. Newby-Clark and Ian Mcgregor and Mark P. Zanna},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  volume={82 2},
The relation between conflicting evaluations of attitude objects (potential ambivalence) and associated unpleasant feelings (felt ambivalence) was investigated. Participants indicated their potential and felt ambivalence about capital punishment (Studies 1 and 2) and abortion (Studies 1-3). The simultaneous accessibility (J. N. Bassili, 1996) of participants' potential ambivalence (i.e., how quickly and equally quickly conflicting evaluations came to mind) was measured using response latency… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

On the attitudinal consequences of being mindful: Links between mindfulness and attitudinal ambivalence
A series of studies examined whether mindfulness is associated with the experience of attitudinal ambivalence. Studies 1A and 1B found that mindful individuals expressed greater comfort holding
The Agony of Ambivalence and Ways to Resolve It: Introducing the MAID Model
This review integrates literature on attitudinal ambivalence with theories on decision making and coping strategies to gain a better understanding of when and how people deal with feelings of ambivalentence.
On the Attitudinal Consequences of Being Mindful
A series of studies examined whether mindfulness is associated with the experience of attitudinal ambivalence, finding that mindful individuals expressed greater comfort holding ambivalent views and reported feeling ambivalent less often and that there was no link between the amount ofAmbivalence and negative affect among more mindful individuals.
The Agony of Ambivalence and Ways to Resolve It: Introducing the MAID Model:
People are generally averse toward conflict between beliefs and/or feelings underlying their attitudes-that is, attitudinal ambivalence. This review integrates literature on attitudinal ambivalence
The moderating role of self-monitoring on the interpersonal aspects of attitude ambivalence.
The 2 studies investigated the role of interpersonal discrepancy in the experience of attitude ambivalence as a function of self-monitoring and level of liking of the other person suggest that they may depend on personality differences and the nature of the social relationship.
The Social Value of Being Ambivalent
Attitudinal ambivalence may serve an adaptive function, that is, achieving a positive social value, and was found on a controversial attitude object, but the opposite appeared on a noncontroversial one.
Ingroup Ambivalence and Experienced Discomfort: The Moderating Roles of Affective vs. Cognitive Attitudinal Basis and Group Identification
The issue of whether holding ambivalent attitudes toward the ingroup is associated with discomfortive states has generated, in general, scarce research and all the more so within prior work in the
The role of dialecticism in objective and subjective attitudinal ambivalence.
Across studies, greater dialectical thinking was associated with holding both positive and negative evaluations of the same topic and weaker correlations between objective ambivalence and subjective reports of being conflicted (subjective ambivalences).


Extending the bases of subjective attitudinal ambivalence: interpersonal and intrapersonal antecedents of evaluative tension.
Together, these studies provide support for the proposition that, because of balance processes, interpersonal relationships influence feelings of subjective ambivalence.
The gradual threshold model of ambivalence: relating the positive and negative bases of attitudes to subjective ambivalence.
This research examined the relationship between the measured and manipulated positive and negative bases of attitudes and the psychological experience of attitudinal ambivalence and the gradual threshold model of ambivalences was advanced.
Compensatory conviction in the face of personal uncertainty: going to extremes and being oneself.
Going to extremes and being oneself are seen as 2 modes of compensatory conviction used to defend against personal uncertainty, and a new perspective on terror managenment theory is proposed.
On the ambivalence-indifference problem in attitude theory and measurement: A suggested modification of the semantic differential technique.
This article explores the alternate meanings of attitudinal neutrality in the context of the bipolarity-reciprocal antagonism issue. Specifically, it proposes a modification of the semantic
A cognitive dissonance theory perspective on the role of emotion in the maintenance and change of beliefs and attitudes
… following the earthquake, the vast majority of the rumors that were widely circulated predicted even worse disasters to come in the very near future. Certainly the belief that horrible disasters
Self-image resilience and dissonance: the role of affirmational resources.
The results were discussed in terms of their support for a resources theory of individual differences in resilience to self-image threats--an extension of self-affirmation theory, their implications for self-esteem functioning, and the continuing debate over self-enhancement versus self-consistency motivation.
Motivational basis of dissonance: the singular role of behavioral consequences.
This article provides the first empirical test of the idea that discrepancy is not needed in order to arouse cognitive dissonance, and strongly suggests that the motivational basis for dissonance is the felt responsibility for aversive consequences.
Emotions and Belief
Intentional states, I have suggested, are to be understood in terms of belief and desire. Treatments of the intentionality of emotions, however, have almost invariably explained it in terms of