Things and the Slow Neolithic: the Middle Eastern Transformation

  title={Things and the Slow Neolithic: the Middle Eastern Transformation},
  author={Ian Hodder},
  journal={Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory},
  • I. Hodder
  • Published 2018
  • History
  • Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory
This paper argues that the search for an overarching explanation for the adoption of farming and settled life in the Middle East can be enhanced by a consideration of the dependencies between humans and human-made things from the Late Glacial Maximum onwards. Often not considered in discussions of the origins of agriculture is the long process of human tooth size reduction that started in the Upper Palaeolithic and can reasonably be related to the increased use of grinding stones that created… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Why the Neolithic is (r)evolutionary
In this article, the authors use the question of whether the Neolithic should be maintained as an analytic category to argue that such a paradigmatic view of history is possible and useful only whenExpand
Dwelling and Cult in the Life and Culture of the Ancient Georgians
As a consequence of long-term organic integration with their homeland, a characteristic lifestyle developed among the Georgians. This is particularly evident in the richly variegated customs,Expand
Life, death, and the destruction of architecture: Hunter-gatherer mortuary behaviors in prehistoric Jordan
Abstract The end of the Pleistocene in Southwest Asia is widely known for the emergence of socially-complex hunter-gatherers—the Natufians—characterized by a rich material culture record, includingExpand
Origin and Development of Managed Meadows in Sweden: A Review
This review concerns when and why infield meadows developed, i.e. enclosed land, constructed and managed for production of livestock fodder. Meadows have been associated with ‘stalling’ of livestock,Expand
Material Movement in the Near Eastern Epipalaeolithic: Implications of the Shell and Stone Beads of Direkli Cave, Turkey
ABSTRACT Direkli Cave is an Epipalaeolithic site in the central Taurus mountain range in southeastern Turkey that was used by mobile hunter-gatherer communities. The assemblage of beads from theExpand
Historical Ecology of Scandinavian Infield Systems
Infield systems originated during the early Iron Age and existed until the 19th century, although passing many transitions and changes. The core features of infield systems were enclosed infieldsExpand
Approaches to the Analysis of Production Activity at Archaeological Sites
Daily life is understood as being marked by the actions of people to ensure their bodily and general well-being, occurring mainly within their homes and the directly surrounding areas. On ElephantineExpand
Innovation or preservation? Abbasid aubergines, archaeobotany, and the Islamic Green Revolution
The topic of agricultural innovation in the Early Islamic empires has become increasingly relevant for archeology, history, and even agricultural science. The validity of Andrew Watson’s originalExpand
The time of the past: Exploring the rhythms of a pre-Hispanic urban settlement in the coastal Andes (AD 550–850)
As archaeologists we experience past time in the present, challenging linear time as we deal with the remains of different moments, events and people. This multi-scalar approach to time stimulates aExpand
Ground stone technology in context: Consumption of grinding tools and social practice at Neolithic Avgi, NW Greece
Excavations at the Neolithic site of Avgi (Middle-Late Neolithic, circa 5700-4500 cal. BCE) in the Kastoria region, northwestern Greece, brought to light one of the largest ground stone assemblagesExpand


The Epi-Palaeolithic Southern Levant and the Origins of Cultivation
him to stress differences as opposed to similarities. Problems in identifying the economic basis of social complexity in the well-documented archaeological record for Oaxaca and the Black WarriorExpand
The Pre‐Natufian Epipaleolithic: Long‐term Behavioral Trends in the Levant
The cultural and biological developments of the EP period leading up to the Natufian are traced and the long‐term trajectory of culture change, social complexity, and village life in the Near East is considered. Expand
Çatalhöyük in the Context of the Middle Eastern Neolithic
This review aims to show how the new results from Catalhoyuk in central Turkey contribute to wider theories about the Neolithic in Anatolia and the Middle East. I argue that many of the themes foundExpand
The broad spectrum revisited: evidence from plant remains.
A collection of >90,000 plant remains, recently recovered from the Stone Age site Ohalo II (23,000 B.P.), Israel, offers insights into the plant foods of the late Upper Paleolithic, indicating that the BSR in the Levant was even broader than originally conceived. Expand
Hunters of the Ice Age: The biology of Upper Paleolithic people.
Key studies about the biology of Upper Paleolithic populations are reviewed based primarily on European samples, but integrating information from other areas of the Old World whenever possible, to help clarify the effects of the Last Glacial Maximum. Expand
Bioarchaeology of Neolithic Çatalhöyük: Lives and Lifestyles of an Early Farming Society in Transition
The bioarchaeological record of human remains viewed in the context of ecology, subsistence, and living circumstances provides a fundamental source for documenting and interpreting the impact ofExpand
What Do We Really Know about Food Storage, Surplus, and Feasting in Preagricultural Communities?
  • I. Kuijt
  • History, Medicine
  • Current Anthropology
  • 2009
It is argued that archaeologists have yet to develop a detailed understanding of the scale and economic contributions of food storage in preagriculturalist communities, and domestication as developing through coevolution between human beings and the resources they exploited is seen. Expand
The concept of “Neolithic package”: considering its meaning and applicability
In this paper, one of the most frequently used terms in Neolithic studies, e.g. the so-called “Neolithic package”, will be discussed. Apart from providing a brief historical background of the termExpand
First wave of cultivators spread to Cyprus at least 10,600 y ago
The recent archaeological excavation at Klimonas demonstrates that established villagers were living on Cyprus between 11,100 and 10,600 y ago, which suggests well-developed maritime capabilities by the PPNA period, but also that migration from the mainland may have occurred shortly after the beginning of agriculture. Expand
Coevolution of farming and private property during the early Holocene
The model and simulations explain how, despite being an unlikely event, farming and a new system of farming-friendly property rights nonetheless jointly emerged when they did and challenge unicausal models of historical dynamics driven by advances in technology, population pressure, or other exogenous changes. Expand