Thermoregulation in bumblebees

@article{Heinrich2004ThermoregulationIB,
  title={Thermoregulation in bumblebees},
  author={Bernd Heinrich},
  journal={Journal of comparative physiology},
  year={2004},
  volume={88},
  pages={129-140}
}
  • B. Heinrich
  • Published 2004
  • Environmental Science
  • Journal of comparative physiology
Summary1.Queens regulate thoracic temperature at 35–38 °C, and abdominal temperature at 31–36 °C while incubating their brood at ambient temperatures from 3 ° to 33 °C (Fig. 1).2.The queen's brood clump, containing poikilothermic eggs, larvae and pupae, is incubated for long durations both during the day and at night (Figs. 2 and 3).3.Brood temperature is maintained relatively independent from ambient temperature, but it does not appear to be maintained at specific temperature set-points. The… 
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