Thermophobicity of liquids: heats of transport in mixtures as pure component properties--the case of arbitrary concentration.

Abstract

We have measured Soret coefficients of a large number of binary mixtures of 23 different organic solvents. The present analysis is based on 77 equimolar mixtures and strongly supports the thermophobicity concept previously developed for the heats of transport of originally 10 different substances [S. Hartmann, G. Wittko, W. Köhler, K. I. Morozov, K. Albers, and G. Sadowski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 065901 (2012)]. Among the investigated compounds, cis-decalin is the most thermophobic, hexane the most thermophilic one. In addition to the equimolar mixtures, we have also analyzed the composition dependence of the Soret coefficients and the heats of transport for 22 selected binary mixtures. Both the interpretation of the heats of transport in equimolar mixtures as pure component thermophobicities and the composition dependence of the Soret coefficient can be understood on the basis of the thermodiffusion theory developed by Morozov [Phys. Rev. E 79, 031204 (2009)], according to which the composition dependence is determined by the excess volume of mixing.

DOI: 10.1063/1.4896776

Cite this paper

@article{Hartmann2014ThermophobicityOL, title={Thermophobicity of liquids: heats of transport in mixtures as pure component properties--the case of arbitrary concentration.}, author={Simone Hartmann and G Wittko and F Schock and Walter Otto Gro\ss and Falk Lindner and Werner K{\"{o}hler and Konstantin I. Morozov}, journal={The Journal of chemical physics}, year={2014}, volume={141 13}, pages={134503} }