Thermodynamics of information

@article{Parrondo2015ThermodynamicsOI,
  title={Thermodynamics of information},
  author={Juan Manuel Rodr{\'i}guez Parrondo and Jordan M. Horowitz and Takahiro Sagawa},
  journal={Nature Physics},
  year={2015},
  volume={11},
  pages={131-139}
}
By its very nature, the second law of thermodynamics is probabilistic, in that its formulation requires a probabilistic description of the state of a system. This raises questions about the objectivity of the second law: does it depend, for example, on what we know about the system? For over a century, much effort has been devoted to incorporating information into thermodynamics and assessing the entropic and energetic costs of manipulating information. More recently, this historically… 
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