# Thermodynamics of Gambling Demons.

@article{Manzano2020ThermodynamicsOG, title={Thermodynamics of Gambling Demons.}, author={Gonzalo Manzano and Diego Subero and Olivier Maillet and Rosario Fazio and Jukka P. Pekola and {\'E}dgar Rold{\'a}n}, journal={Physical review letters}, year={2020}, volume={126 8}, pages={ 080603 } }

We introduce and realize demons that follow a customary gambling strategy to stop a nonequilibrium process at stochastic times. We derive second-law-like inequalities for the average work done in the presence of gambling, and universal stopping-time fluctuation relations for classical and quantum nonstationary stochastic processes. We test experimentally our results in a single-electron box, where an electrostatic potential drives the dynamics of individual electrons tunneling into a metallic…

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