Thermodynamics of Gambling Demons.

@article{Manzano2020ThermodynamicsOG,
  title={Thermodynamics of Gambling Demons.},
  author={Gonzalo Manzano and Diego Subero and Olivier Maillet and Rosario Fazio and Jukka P. Pekola and {\'E}dgar Rold{\'a}n},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  year={2020},
  volume={126 8},
  pages={
          080603
        }
}
We introduce and realize demons that follow a customary gambling strategy to stop a nonequilibrium process at stochastic times. We derive second-law-like inequalities for the average work done in the presence of gambling, and universal stopping-time fluctuation relations for classical and quantum nonstationary stochastic processes. We test experimentally our results in a single-electron box, where an electrostatic potential drives the dynamics of individual electrons tunneling into a metallic… 

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