Thermodynamic disequilibrium of the atmosphere in the context of global warming

@article{Huang2015ThermodynamicDO,
  title={Thermodynamic disequilibrium of the atmosphere in the context of global warming},
  author={Junling Huang and Michael B. McElroy},
  journal={Climate Dynamics},
  year={2015},
  volume={45},
  pages={3513-3525}
}
The atmosphere is an example of a non-equilibrium system. This study explores the relationship among temperature, energy and entropy of the atmosphere, introducing two variables that serve to quantify the thermodynamic disequilibrium of the atmosphere. The maximum work, Wmax, that the atmosphere can perform is defined as the work developed through a thermally reversible and adiabatic approach to thermodynamic equilibrium with global entropy conserved. The maximum entropy increase, $$(\Delta S)_… 
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