Thermodynamic control by frequent quantum measurements

@article{Erez2008ThermodynamicCB,
  title={Thermodynamic control by frequent quantum measurements},
  author={N. Erez and G. Gordon and M. Nest and G. Kurizki},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2008},
  volume={452},
  pages={724-727}
}
Heat flow between a large thermal ‘bath’ and a smaller system brings them progressively closer to thermal equilibrium while increasing their entropy. Fluctuations involving a small fraction of a statistical ensemble of systems interacting with the bath result in deviations from this trend. In this respect, quantum and classical thermodynamics are in agreement. Here we predict a different trend in a purely quantum mechanical setting: disturbances of thermal equilibrium between two-level systems… Expand

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