Thermal Energy and the Origin of Life

  title={Thermal Energy and the Origin of Life},
  author={Anthonie W. J. Muller and Dirk Schulze-Makuch},
  journal={Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres},
Life has evolved on Earth with electromagnetic radiation (light), fermentable organic molecules, and oxidizable chemicals as sources of energy. Biological use of thermal energy has not been observed although heat, and the thermal gradients required to convert it into free energy, are ubiquitous and were even more abundant at the time of the origin of life on Earth. Nevertheless, Earth-organisms sense thermal energy, and in suitable environments may have gained the capability to use it as energy… 
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