There are no particles, there are only fields

@article{Hobson2013ThereAN,
  title={There are no particles, there are only fields},
  author={Art Hobson},
  journal={American Journal of Physics},
  year={2013},
  volume={81},
  pages={211-223}
}
  • A. Hobson
  • Published 19 April 2012
  • Physics
  • American Journal of Physics
Quantum foundations are still unsettled, with mixed effects on science and society. By now it should be possible to obtain consensus on at least one issue: Are the fundamental constituents fields or particles? As this paper shows, experiment and theory imply that unbounded fields, not bounded particles, are fundamental. This is especially clear for relativistic systems, implying that it's also true of nonrelativistic systems. Particles are epiphenomena arising from fields. Thus, the Schrodinger… 

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