Therapeutic potential of anamorelin, a novel, oral ghrelin mimetic, in patients with cancer-related cachexia: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, crossover, pilot study

@article{Garcia2012TherapeuticPO,
  title={Therapeutic potential of anamorelin, a novel, oral ghrelin mimetic, in patients with cancer-related cachexia: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, crossover, pilot study},
  author={Jose M Garcia and J. Woodrow Friend and Suzan Allen},
  journal={Supportive Care in Cancer},
  year={2012},
  volume={21},
  pages={129-137}
}
PurposeCachexia in cancer adversely affects patients' perception of symptoms, well-being, and response to therapy, and shortens survival. Anamorelin, an oral mimetic of ghrelin, has been shown to increase body weight and anabolic hormone levels in healthy volunteers and is being investigated to treat cancer cachexia.MethodsThis multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study evaluated the effects of anamorelin in 16 patients with different cancers and cachexia. Patients were… 
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TLDR
Ghrelin and GHS have the potential to effectively prevent or reverse CACS and preliminary studies show improvements in weight stabilization and appetite with short-term usage.
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TLDR
During the 12–24 weeks ROMANA 3 trial, anamorelin continued to be well tolerated, and Improvements in body weight and anorexia–cachexia symptoms observed in the original trials were consistently maintained over 12– 24”weeks.
Randomised placebo-controlled cross-over study examining the role of anamorelin in mesothelioma (The ANTHEM study): rationale and protocol
TLDR
The efficacy of anamorelin in improving appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) and patient-reported outcomes in patients with MM with cachexia is examined and results will be reported in peer-reviewed publications.
Effect of ghrelin and anamorelin (ONO-7643), a selective ghrelin receptor agonist, on tumor growth in a lung cancer mouse xenograft model
TLDR
These findings demonstrate that neither anamorelin nor ghrelin promoted tumor growth in this model, despite increased levels of mGH and a trend of increased mIGF-1, and support the clinical development of gh Relin receptor agonist treatments for managing NSCLC-related anorexia/cachexia.
Anamorelin (ONO-7643) in Japanese patients with non-small cell lung cancer and cachexia: results of a randomized phase 2 trial
TLDR
This phase 2 study showed that 100 mg anamorelin has promising results in improving lean body mass, performance status, and especially, QOL in patients with cancer cachexia.
Mechanisms of anorexia-cachexia syndrome and rational for treatment with selective ghrelin receptor agonist.
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