Therapeutic footwear for people with diabetes

@article{Cavanagh2004TherapeuticFF,
  title={Therapeutic footwear for people with diabetes},
  author={Peter R. Cavanagh},
  journal={Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews},
  year={2004},
  volume={20}
}
  • P. Cavanagh
  • Published 1 May 2004
  • Medicine, Political Science, Psychology
  • Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews
In this review, the evidence for the role of footwear in causing, healing, and preventing foot ulceration in diabetic patients is discussed. The mechanisms of action of therapeutic footwear are elucidated, and an ‘ideal’ approach to footwear prescription is outlined. Finally, some future directions for ‘intelligent’ footwear are also presented. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 
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TLDR
In recent years, it has generally been accepted by the diabetes community that “good” footwear prevents foot ulceration and there are studies that support the belief that bad or inappropriate footwear causes ulcers.
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  • Medicine
    Diabetes/metabolism research and reviews
  • 2008
TLDR
Understanding of foot structure abnormality in diabetes has improved recently, mainly through the findings from in vivo imaging studies, but limited understanding still exists about several aspects related to the assessment, etiology, and consequences of change in foot structure in diabetes.
Custom-made footwear in diabetes: Offloading, usability and ulcer recurrence
TLDR
It was shown that offloading-improved custom-made footwear did not significantly reduce foot ulcer recurrence rate when compared to usual care, unless adherence to footwear use was assured, and it was furthermore shown that adherence to shoes was particularly low in patients who perceived low benefit of using custom- made footwear.
DIABETIC FOOT DISORDERS.
TLDR
Not all diabetic foots are preventable, but appropriate preventive measures can dramatically reduce their occurrence.
Australian Diabetes Foot Network: practical guideline on the provision of footwear for people with diabetes
TLDR
Practical recommendations regarding the provision of footwear for people with diabetes were agreed upon following review of existing position statements and clinical guidelines to provide practical guidance for health professionals on how they can best deliver these recommendations within the Australian health system.
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References

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Effect of therapeutic footwear on foot reulceration in patients with diabetes: a randomized controlled trial.
TLDR
This study suggests that careful attention to foot care by health care professionals may be more important than therapeutic footwear but does not negate the possibility that special footwear is beneficial in persons with diabetes who do not receive such close attention by their health care providers or in individuals with severe foot deformities.
An Audit of Cushioned Diabetic Footwear: Relation to Patient Compliance
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  • Medicine
    Diabetic medicine : a journal of the British Diabetic Association
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TLDR
It is concluded that cushioned protective footwear in association with frequent foot care is essential in the prevention of neuropathic diabetic foot ulcer recurrence.
Improved survival of the diabetic foot: the role of a specialized foot clinic.
A specialized foot clinic for diabetic patients has made a detailed analysis of the presentation of diabetic foot ulcers and from this a new, organised approach to treatment has been derived. Over
The hazards of the holiday foot: persons at high risk for diabetic foot ulceration may be more active on holiday
TLDR
The results from this brief analysis suggest that there may be increased activity in patients at risk of developing foot ulceration while on holiday, and patients should be given specific advice regarding foot care for holidays to minimize their risk of developed foot ulcers.
Manufactured Shoes in the Prevention of Diabetic Foot Ulcers
TLDR
The use of specially designed shoes is effective in preventing relapses in diabetic patients with previous ulceration, and the use of therapeutic shoes was negatively associated with foot ulcer relapses.
How Effective is Cushioned Therapeutic Footwear in Protecting Diabetic Feet? A Clinical Study
TLDR
It is concluded that the availability of therapeutic shoes with cushioned insoles for diabetic patients at risk of foot lesions decreases the morbidity due to the diabetic foot syndrome.
Effectiveness of a new brand of stock 'diabetic' shoes to protect against diabetic foot ulcer relapse. A prospective cohort study.
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TLDR
The LucRo stock 'diabetic' shoe appears effective in the prevention of foot re-ulceration in high-risk patients with diabetic podopathy.
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TLDR
The benefit is unlikely to be used any more in the national program than in the demonstration unless physicians are educated in the role therapeutic shoes can play in diabetic foot disease, they prescribe the shoes for their patients, and they increase their patients' awareness of the shoes' value.
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TLDR
An in-depth analysis of the orthotic management of plantar fasciitis and a critical review of foot orthoses for the pronated foot are presented.
Activity patterns of patients with diabetic foot ulceration: patients with active ulceration may not adhere to a standard pressure off-loading regimen.
TLDR
Subjects with diabetic foot ulcerations appear to wear their off-loading devices for only a minority of steps taken each day, which may partially explain the poor results reported from many trials of agents designed to help speed the healing of these wounds.
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