Therapeutic biliary endoscopy.

  title={Therapeutic biliary endoscopy.},
  author={Guido Costamagna},
  volume={34 1},
An analysis of the recent medical literature on therapeutic biliary endoscopy shows continuing developments in technique, as well as an effort to obtain objective data on the long-term outcomes with different clinical applications. There are still too few studies analyzing costs, and these should be encouraged in the immediate future.