Theory of Mind: An Overview and Behavioral Perspective

@article{Schlinger2009TheoryOM,
  title={Theory of Mind: An Overview and Behavioral Perspective},
  author={H. Schlinger},
  journal={The Psychological Record},
  year={2009},
  volume={59},
  pages={435-448}
}
  • H. Schlinger
  • Published 2009
  • Psychology
  • The Psychological Record
Theory of mind (ToM) refers to the ability of an individual to make inferences about what others may be thinking or feeling and to predict what they may do in a given situation based on those inferences. Discussions of ToM focus almost exclusively on inferred cognitive structures and processes and shed little light on the actual behaviors involved. In this article, I (a) selectively overview the literature on ToM, (b) suggest that the behavioral relations referred to by ToM scholars can be… Expand
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References

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Developmental psychologists have been interested in the cognitive ability of perspective-taking for a number of years due to the apparent link between perspective-taking deficits and AutisticExpand
A Behavior Analytic Interpretation of Theory of Mind.
  • J. Spradlin, N. Brady
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Revista internacional de psicologia y terapia psicologica = International journal of psychology and psychological therapy
  • 2008
TLDR
It is proposed that perspective taking is a very common activity in the authors' daily lives and that performance on false belief tests is a special case of perspective taking. Expand
Theory of mind in nonhuman primates.
  • C. Heyes
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Behavioral and brain sciences
  • 1998
TLDR
A procedure that uses conditional discrimination training and transfer tests to determine whether chimpanzees have the concept "see" is proposed and critics are invited to identify flaws in the procedure and to suggest alternatives. Expand
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The current work reports 2 experiments that investigate the development of false belief from the perspective of Relational Frame Theory. The true and false belief test protocol used across bothExpand
Narrative Discourse and Theory of Mind Development
TLDR
The influence of social discourse on children's theory of mind development is supported, and modifications of the training procedure led to significant improvements on measures of false belief and deception from pretest to 1st posttest. Expand
A longitudinal study of the relation between language and theory-of-mind development.
TLDR
Earlier language abilities predicted later theory-of-mind test performance, but earlier theory of mind did not predict later language test performance (controlling for earlier language), consistent with the argument that language is fundamental to theory- of-mind development. Expand
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TLDR
The results of using a method of convergent analyses of naturally occurring speech to assess the young child’s ability to contemplate and communicate about mental state suggest that still younger children lack awareness of such states, or at the very least, an understanding of their appropriateness as topics of conversation. Expand
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TLDR
The main findings were that the group trained on sentential complements not only acquired the linguistic knowledge fostered by the training, but also significantly increased their scores on a range of theory of mind tasks. Expand
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TLDR
It was found that 3-year-olds' access to information about others' mental states is bounded by the linguistic demands placed upon them, but long before their fourth birthday children have some understanding of others' mind. Expand
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capacity to match across modality (Davenport and Rogers, 1970), so the match from tool to function is a reasonable possibility. This does not detract from the clever experiments of SR&B and of P&W,Expand
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