Theory and experiments characterizing hypervelocity impact plasmas: Toward weatherproof spacecraft systems

Space weather, including solar activity and background plasma, sets up spacecraft conditions that can magnify the threat from hypervelocity impacts. Hypervelocity impactors include both meteoroids, traveling between 11 and 72 km/s, and orbital debris, with typical impact speeds of 10 km/s. When an impactor encounters a spacecraft, its kinetic energy is… CONTINUE READING