Theorizing Social Movements

  title={Theorizing Social Movements},
  author={Dana M. Moss and David A. Snow},
The analysis and theorization of social movements is central to understanding social life, state-society relations, and social change, and comprises one of the most vibrant areas of sociological research today. Theories of collective action and mobilization typically aim to understand the factors and conditions producing organized collective action dedicated to fostering or resisting change across time and place, as well as the consequences of those challenges. In light of our conceptualization… 

Social Movements in Iran: How Well Does the Dominant Narrative Work?

In this paper, I apply the typical stages of social movements—emergence, coalescence, and institutionalization—to an Iranian environmental social movement. I show how each of the stages does, or does

The Case of Black Millennials

Sociologists have queried over the utility and effectiveness of generational analysis for some time. Here, the authors contend that intragenerational analyses are needed to critically and

Social Solidarity during the Pandemic: The “Visible Hand” and Networked Social Movements

The author poses the following questions: (1) What forms are social movements adopting today, particularly in response to the epidemic crisis? (2) Are we observing the practice of grassroots

The paradox of victory: social movement fields, adverse outcomes, and social movement success

Recent work on social movement fields has expanded our view of the dynamics of social movements; it should also expand our thinking about social movement success. Such a broader view reveals a

Beyond Clicktivism: What Makes Digitally Native Activism Effective? An Exploration of the Sleeping Giants Movement

This article explores how successful digitally native activism generates social change. Digitally native movements are initiated, organized, and coordinated online without any physical presence or

Contentious politics and democratization in Hong Kong

The purpose of this paper is to explain why many activists in Hong Kong have shifted from demanding democracy to independence while, at least for a short time, there have been more aggressive tactics

The power to convene: making sense of the power of food movement organizations in governance processes in the Global North

It is argued that successes are related to the “power to convene,” a process-oriented approach that increases movements’ capacity to mobilize; leverage different types of power; and integrate, coordinate, and build a systems-oriented vision.

From ‘the effect of repression’ toward ‘the response to repression’

  • A. Honari
  • Political Science, Psychology
    Current sociology. La Sociologie contemporaine
  • 2018
Seeing individuals as having agency and shifting focus to their responses to repression offers a broader picture of the activities available to discontented people under repression and provides a better account of the contentious politics occurring under repression.



Political Sociology and Social Movements

Until the 1970s, the study of social movements was firmly within a diverse sociological tradition that explored the relationship between social structure and political behavior, and was preoccupied

Resource Mobilization and Social Movements: A Partial Theory

Past analysis of social movements and social movement organizations has normally assumed a close link between the frustrations or grievances of a collectivity of actors and the growth and decline of

Power in Movement: Social Movements, Collective Action and Politics

From the French and American Revolutions through the democratic and workers' movements of the nineteenth century to the totalitarian movements of today, social movements exercise a fleeting but


■ Abstract Sociologists have turned to collective identity to fill gaps in resource mobilization and political process accounts of the emergence, trajectories, and impacts of social movements.

Social Movement Spillover

Social movements are not distinct and self-contained; rather, they grow from and give birth to other movements, work in coalition with other movements, and influence each other indirectly through


This article uses social movement and organization theory to develop a set of concepts that help explain social movement continuity. The theory is grounded in new data on women's rights activism from

Social Movement Organizations: Growth, Decay and Change

The classical approach to the study of the transformation of social movements (here called the Weber-Michels model) predicts that a movement organization will become more conservative and that its

Genocide as Contentious Politics

Despite a recent turn towards the study of political violence within the field of contentious politics, scholars have yet to focus their lens on genocide. This is puzzling, as the field of collective

Framing Processes and Social Movements: An Overview and Assessment

■ Abstract The recent proliferation of scholarship on collective action frames and framing processes in relation to social movements indicates that framing processes have come to be regarded,

Social Movements and Social Capital: A Network Perspective on Movement Outcomes

  • M. Diani
  • Political Science, Economics
  • 1997
This article presents an approach to the study of the consequences of social movements that focuses on their capacity to produce "social capital." By social capital I mean ties that are based on