Theories on Otic Symptoms in Temporomandibular Disorders: Past and Present

  • Miguel Ramirez
  • Published 2005


Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are a subclassification of musculoskeletal disorders and include a wide range of orofacial conditions with multiple etiologies that mask a great variety of subjective signs and symptoms. These can be referred isolated or combined from the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), the masticatory muscles, the cervical muscles and… (More)


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