Theories of the syllogism: A meta-analysis.

@article{Khemlani2012TheoriesOT,
  title={Theories of the syllogism: A meta-analysis.},
  author={Sangeet S. Khemlani and Philip N. Johnson-Laird},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  year={2012},
  volume={138 3},
  pages={427-57}
}
Syllogisms are arguments about the properties of entities. They consist of 2 premises and a conclusion, which can each be in 1 of 4 "moods": All A are B, Some A are B, No A are B, and Some A are not B. Their logical analysis began with Aristotle, and their psychological investigation began over 100 years ago. This article outlines the logic of inferences about syllogisms, which includes the evaluation of the consistency of sets of assertions. It also describes the main phenomena of reasoning… CONTINUE READING
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