Theories of conditional reasoning: a developmental examination of competing hypotheses.

@article{Klaczynski2004TheoriesOC,
  title={Theories of conditional reasoning: a developmental examination of competing hypotheses.},
  author={Paul A Klaczynski and Mary J Schuneman and David B. Daniel},
  journal={Developmental psychology},
  year={2004},
  volume={40 4},
  pages={559-71}
}
Children and adolescents were presented with problems that contained deontic (i.e., if action p is taken, then precondition q must be met) or causal (i.e., if event p occurs, then event q will transpire) conditionals and that varied in the ease with which alternative antecedents could be activated. Results showed that inferences were linked to the availability of alternative antecedents and the generation of "disabling" conditions (claims that the conditionals were false under specific… CONTINUE READING