Hilgard’s Introduction to Psychology
- Smith, Carolyn D. ed
- London : Harcourt College Publishers,
o be labeled as being ‘‘intelligent’’ imparts positive feelings, encourages self esteem and a sense of worth. Yet, what is intelligent and smart? This has been the focus of theories, definitions and philosophies dating as far back as Plato (428 BC); yet most presumably, dating prior to this historical figure, might be due to the fact that humankind is himself intelligent. One way to seek understanding of intelligence is simply to define what it is. Sternberg (1986) purports two principal classifications of definition of intelligence—the operational definition and the ‘‘real’’ definition. Operational intelligence is measurable. Real intelligence is one that inquires the true nature of the thing being defined. As with the plethora of definitions of intelligence, there are numerous theories of intelligence. From examining how smart one is to how to measure one’s smartness, how to measure how one is smart, thories have come and gone and some have endured to be pondered and proven over time.