Theoretical considerations for the maintenance of interspecific brood care by a Nicaraguan cichlid fish: behavioral plasticity and spatial structure


An herbivorous cichlid fish Cichlasoma (Theraps) nicaraguense has been reported to perform brood care for the fry of a piscivorous cichlid Cichlasoma (Nandopsis) dovii in a Nicaraguan lake. It was suggested that interspecific brood care (IBC) evolved to propagate C. dovii as a predator of another herbivorous fish Neetroplus nematopus, which is superior to C… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s10164-008-0085-0

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