Theoretical calculation of relative intensity noise of multimode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers

  title={Theoretical calculation of relative intensity noise of multimode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers},
  author={{\'A}ngel Valle and L. L. Pesquera},
  journal={IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics},
An analytical calculation of relative intensity noise spectra of weakly index-guided vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) in a multimode regime is performed. We obtain analytical expressions that incorporate the spatial dependence of electrical field and carrier density profiles. Expressions are derived for single-mode and two-transverse-mode operation. Our analysis shows that single-mode noise spectrum depends on the spatial mode profile through a modal effective volume. Two-mode… CONTINUE READING
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