Theoretical aspects of surface-to-volume ratios and water-storage capacities of succulent shoots.

@article{Mauseth2000TheoreticalAO,
  title={Theoretical aspects of surface-to-volume ratios and water-storage capacities of succulent shoots.},
  author={James D. Mauseth},
  journal={American journal of botany},
  year={2000},
  volume={87 8},
  pages={1107-15}
}
Surface-to-volume (S/V) ratios of drought-adapted plants affect transpiration, photosynthesis, and water-storage capacity. The S/V ratio of cladodes and flat leaves is S/V = 2/T, where T is thickness: even slight thickening greatly reduces S/V. During rain/drought cycles succulent stems swell and shrink without tearing by having flexible ribs, but ribs increase S/V above that of a smooth cylindrical stem with equal volume: the increased surface area is S(ribbed)/S(cylindrical) = N[x + (π/N… CONTINUE READING
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