The wisdom hierarchy: representations of the DIKW hierarchy

@article{Rowley2007TheWH,
  title={The wisdom hierarchy: representations of the DIKW hierarchy},
  author={Jennifer E. Rowley},
  journal={Journal of Information Science},
  year={2007},
  volume={33},
  pages={163 - 180}
}
  • J. Rowley
  • Published 1 April 2007
  • Computer Science
  • Journal of Information Science
This paper revisits the data-information-knowledge-wisdom (DIKW) hierarchy by examining the articulation of the hierarchy in a number of widely read textbooks, and analysing their statements about the nature of data, information, knowledge, and wisdom. The hierarchy referred to variously as the ‘Knowledge Hierarchy’, the ‘Information Hierarchy’ and the ‘Knowledge Pyramid’ is one of the fundamental, widely recognized and ‘taken-for-granted’ models in the information and knowledge literatures. It… 

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