The wisdom hierarchy: representations of the DIKW hierarchy

  title={The wisdom hierarchy: representations of the DIKW hierarchy},
  author={Jennifer Rowley},
  journal={J. Information Science},
This paper revisits the data–information–knowledge–wisdom (DIKW) hierarchy by examining the articulation of the hierarchy in a number of widely read textbooks, and analysing their statements about the nature of data, information, knowledge, and wisdom. The hierarchy referred to variously as the ‘Knowledge Hierarchy’, the ‘Information Hierarchy’ and the ‘Knowledge Pyramid’ is one of the fundamental, widely recognized and ‘taken-for-granted’ models in the information and knowledge literatures. It… CONTINUE READING
Highly Influential
This paper has highly influenced 27 other papers. REVIEW HIGHLY INFLUENTIAL CITATIONS
Highly Cited
This paper has 467 citations. REVIEW CITATIONS
Related Discussions
This paper has been referenced on Twitter 4 times. VIEW TWEETS


Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 264 extracted citations

The ‘ customer journey ’ : Learning from customers in tourism experience encounters

Jonathan Moshe Yachina
View 6 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Applied epistemology and understanding in information studies

Inf. Res. • 2017
View 12 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Electronic Participation

View 5 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

A Generic Formulated KID Model for Pragmatic Processing of Data, Information, and Knowledge

2015 IEEE 12th Intl Conf on Ubiquitous Intelligence and Computing and 2015 IEEE 12th Intl Conf on Autonomic and Trusted Computing and 2015 IEEE 15th Intl Conf on Scalable Computing and Communications and Its Associated Workshops (UIC-ATC-ScalCom) • 2015
View 5 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

468 Citations

Citations per Year
Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 468 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.


Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 57 references

Knowledge Management (Pearson Education International

E. M Awad, H. M. Ghaziri
Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2004). J. Rowley Journal of Information Science, 33 • 2007
View 5 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Business Information Management: Improving Performance Using Information Systems (FT

D. Chaffey, S. Wood
View 5 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Knowledge Management: an Integrated Approach (FT

A. Jashapara
View 9 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Managing and Using Information Systems: a Strategic Approach (Wiley

K. E. Pearlson, C. S Saunders
New York, • 2004
View 5 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

From data to wisdom

R. L. Ackoff
Journal of Applied Systems Analysis 16 • 1989
View 13 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Business Information Systems: Technology

P. Bocij, D. Chaffey, A. Greasley, S. Hickie
Development and Management for the e-Business • 2003
View 4 Excerpts
Highly Influenced


G. Bellinger, D. Castro, A. Mills
Information, Knowledge, and Wisdom (2004). Available at: • 2006
View 2 Excerpts

Management Information Systems: Managing the dDigital Firm (Pearson

K. C. Laudon, J. P. Laudon

Where is the wisdom that we have lost in knowledge?

Journal of Documentation • 2006
View 1 Excerpt

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…