The will and the ways: development and validation of an individual-differences measure of hope.

@article{Snyder1991TheWA,
  title={The will and the ways: development and validation of an individual-differences measure of hope.},
  author={C. R. Snyder and C. Harris and J. Anderson and S. A. Holleran and L. M. Irving and S. Sigmon and L. Yoshinobu and J. Gibb and C. Langelle and P. Harney},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={1991},
  volume={60 4},
  pages={
          570-85
        }
}
  • C. R. Snyder, C. Harris, +7 authors P. Harney
  • Published 1991
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • Defining hope as a cognitive set that is composed of a reciprocally derived sense of successful (a) agency (goal-directed determination) and (b) pathways (planning of ways to meet goals), an individual-differences measure is developed. Studies demonstrate acceptable internal consistency and test-retest reliability, and the factor structure identifies the agency and pathways components of the Hope Scale. Convergent and discriminant validity are documented, along with evidence suggesting that… CONTINUE READING

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