The widespread use of skin lightening creams in Senegal: a persistent public health problem in West Africa

@article{Delgiudice2002TheWU,
  title={The widespread use of skin lightening creams in Senegal: a persistent public health problem in West Africa},
  author={P. Del giudice and Pinier Yves},
  journal={International Journal of Dermatology},
  year={2002},
  volume={41}
}
Background The use of skin lightening creams is common in the female population of some African countries. The long‐term use of certain products for several months to years may cause cutaneous adverse effects. 
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The cosmetic use of bleaching products is considered a common practice in dark‐skinned women from sub‐Saharan Africa, but there are few studies on this subject.
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In Ghana, anecdotal reports of high bleaching rates among certain urban communities resulted in a study supported by the Food and Drugs Authority to determine various facets of this practice.
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Combinations of potent topical steroids, mercury and hydroquinone are common in internationally manufactured skin‐lightening products: a spectroscopic study
The topical steroids betamethasone (BM) and clobetasol propionate (CP) are illegal in cosmetics. Hydroquinone (HQ) and mercury (Hg) are either illegal or allowed only in limited concentrations (2%
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  • Medicine
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  • 2010
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This paper presents a meta-analysis of 148 studies that discuss knowledge, attitudes and practices towards bleaching at a global level and concludes that bleaching should be considered as a renewable resource.
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The practice of cosmetic skin lightening in sub-Saharan Africa is explored, motivations for engaging in the practice are explored and mechanisms of actions of hydroquinone and corticosteroids are examined.
The practice of skin-bleaching for a cosmetic purpose in immigrant communities.
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    Journal of travel medicine
  • 2014
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The high frequency of this practice, added to the frequency of various complications, suggests it might be considered as a genuine public health problem currently.
Skin bleaching: highlighting the misuse of cutaneous depigmenting agents
  • OE DadzieA. Petit
  • Medicine
    Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV
  • 2009
TLDR
This current discussion within the dermatological community on the safety of hydroquinone provides a unique opportunity to raise awareness about skin bleaching.
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