The why's the limit: curtailing self-enhancement with explanatory introspection.

@article{Sedikides2007TheWT,
  title={The why's the limit: curtailing self-enhancement with explanatory introspection.},
  author={Constantine Sedikides and Robert S. Horton and Aiden P. Gregg},
  journal={Journal of personality},
  year={2007},
  volume={75 4},
  pages={
          783-824
        }
}
Self-enhancement is linked to psychological gains (e.g., subjective well-being, persistence in adversity) but also to intrapersonal and interpersonal costs (e.g., excessive risk taking, antisocial behavior). Thus, constraints on self-enhancement may sometimes afford intrapersonal and interpersonal advantages. We tested whether explanatory introspection (i.e., generating reasons for why one might or might not possess personality traits) constitutes one such constraint. Experiment 1 demonstrated… 

Tables from this paper

On the doggedness of self-enhancement and self-protection: How constraining are reality constraints?
ABSTRACT Self-enhancement and self-protection are constrained by reality. But to what extent? Broader constraints, often considered powerful, such as East-Asian culture, religion, mind-body
Self-Enhancement: Food for Thought
  • C. Sedikides, A. Gregg
  • Psychology
    Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2008
TLDR
This work distinguishes between four levels of self-enhancement—an observed effect, an ongoing process, a personality trait, and an underlying motive—and uses these distinctions to organize the wealth of relevant research.
Self-Enhancement for Thought
Self-enhancement denotes a class of psycho- logical phenomena that involve taking a tendentiously positive view of oneself. We distinguish between four levels of self-enhancement—an observed effect,
Self-enhancement and self-protection: What they are and what they do
We define self-enhancement and self-protection as interests that individuals have in advancing one or more self-domains or defending against negative self-views. We review ways in which people pursue
The Roles of Self-Affirmation and Introspection in Correction for Automatic Prejudice
Egalitarian-oriented Whites tend to employ the strategy of “liking everyone,” as opposed to correcting for their automatic prejudices, as a means of avoiding prejudiced reactions (Zabel & Olson,
Dynamics of Identity: Between Self-Enhancement and Self-Assessment
Identity, in the psychological sense, denotes a significant subset of self-construals: those that are relatively accessible mentally, deemed essential to who one is, and valued as important. Given
Overcoming the Barriers to Self-Knowledge
  • Erika N. Carlson
  • Psychology
    Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2013
TLDR
It is suggested that the construct of mindfulness, defined as paying attention to one’s current experience in a nonevaluative way, may serve as a path to self-knowledge.
Quantifying self-motives: functional links between dispositional desires
Previous research has sought to establish the existence, or gauge the relative strength, of key self-evaluation motives (i.e., self-enhancement, self-verification, self-assessment, self-improvement).
Two Sides to Self-protection: Self-improvement Strivings and Feedback from Close Relationships Eliminate Mnemic Neglect
People selectively forget feedback that threatens central self-conceptions, a phenomenon labeled mnemic neglect. Such forgetting serves to protect the self-system, but its rigid application may be
Exaggerated Positivity in Self‐Evaluation: A Social Neuroscience Approach to Reconciling the Role of Self‐esteem Protection and Cognitive Bias
Recent neuroscience research provides new insight into why people tend to view themselves through rose-colored glasses and suggests a different approach for improving self-insight. Rose-colored
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 139 REFERENCES
When does introspection bear fruit? Self-reflection, self-insight, and interpersonal choices.
TLDR
This research suggests that thinking about the self may sometimes foster self-insight, and implications for the nature of self-knowledge and the worlds people construct around themselves are discussed.
Accountability as a deterrent to self-enhancement: the search for mechanisms.
TLDR
Structuring social situations that prompt people to keep their self-enhancing beliefs in check can confer personal and interpersonal advantages and it is documented that identifiability decreases self- enhancement because of evaluation expectancy and an accompanying focus on one's weaknesses.
Self-knowledge: its limits, value, and potential for improvement.
TLDR
It is not always advantageous to hold self-perceptions that correspond perfectly with reality, but increasing awareness of nonconscious motives and personality is generally beneficial.
Positive illusions about the self: short-term benefits and long-term costs.
TLDR
The findings suggest that self-enhancing beliefs may be adaptive in the short term but not in the long term, and that narcissism, ego involvement, self-serving attributions, and positive affect are related to narcissism.
On when self-enhancement and self-criticism function adaptively and maladaptively
It would be an understatement of sorts to point out that modern life places excessive demands on the individual. The busyness of the workplace, the necessity or unavoidability of job changes and the
Effects of introspection about reasons for values:extending research on values-as-truisms
In past research, analyzing reasons for values that involve promoting the welfare of others (i.e., self-transcendence values) caused them to change—a finding that occurs only when values lack prior
I like myself but I don't know why: enhancing implicit self-esteem by subliminal evaluative conditioning.
TLDR
It was shown that conditioning enhanced self-esteem to such an extent that it made participants insensitive to negative intelligence feedback and various implications are discussed.
Pancultural self-enhancement reloaded: a meta-analytic reply to Heine (2005).
TLDR
The authors respond to other aspects of Heine's critique by discussing why researchers should empirically validate the comparison dimension (individualistic vs. collectivistic) and defending why the better-than-average effect is a valid measure of self-enhancement.
Interpersonal and intrapsychic adaptiveness of trait self-enhancement: a mixed blessing?
  • D. Paulhus
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1998
TLDR
Reactions to trait self-enhancement were investigated in 2 longitudinal studies of person perception in discussion groups, finding that all self- enhancement measures correlated positively with self-esteem.
Narcissism and Self-Evaluation Maintenance: Explorations in Object Relations
This study examined effects of threat to the sef on efforts to maintain a positive self-evaluation in individuals with varying levels of narcissism. Male students (N= 216) with varying levels of
...
1
2
3
4
5
...