The western and eastern roots of the Saami--the story of genetic "outliers" told by mitochondrial DNA and Y chromosomes.

@article{Tambets2004TheWA,
  title={The western and eastern roots of the Saami--the story of genetic "outliers" told by mitochondrial DNA and Y chromosomes.},
  author={Kristiina Tambets and Siiri Rootsi and Toomas Kivisild and Hela Help and Piia Serk and Eva-Liis Loogv{\"a}li and H V Tolk and Maere Reidla and Ene Metspalu and Liāna Pliss and Oleg P. Balanovsky and Andrey Pshenichnov and Elena V. Balanovska and Marija Gubina and Sergey I. Zhadanov and L. P. Osipova and Larisa Damba and Mikhail Ivanovich Voevoda and Ildus Kutuev and M. A. Bermisheva and Elza K. Khusnutdinova and Vladislava Gusar and E. Ia. Grechanina and Jüri Parik and Erwan Pennarun and Christelle Richard and Andr{\'e} Chaventr{\'e} and Jean Paul Moisan and Lovorka Bar{\'a}c and Marijana Peri{\vc}i{\'c} and Pavao Rudan and R Miroslav Terzi{\'c} and Ilia Mikerezi and Astrīda Krūmiņa and Viesturs Baumanis and Sławomir M Kozieł and Olga Rickards and Gian Franco De Stefano and Nicholas P. Anagnou and Kalliopi I. Pappa and E. N. Michalodimitrakis and Vladim{\'i}r Fer{\'a}k and S{\'a}ndor F{\"u}redi and Radovan Komel and Lars Beckman and Richard Villems},
  journal={American journal of human genetics},
  year={2004},
  volume={74 4},
  pages={
          661-82
        }
}
The Saami are regarded as extreme genetic outliers among European populations. In this study, a high-resolution phylogenetic analysis of Saami genetic heritage was undertaken in a comprehensive context, through use of maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and paternally inherited Y-chromosomal variation. DNA variants present in the Saami were compared with those found in Europe and Siberia, through use of both new and previously published data from 445 Saami and 17,096 western Eurasian… Expand
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