The weirdest people in the world?

@article{Henrich2010TheWP,
  title={The weirdest people in the world?},
  author={Joseph Henrich and Steven J. Heine and Ara Norenzayan},
  journal={Behavioral and Brain Sciences},
  year={2010},
  volume={33},
  pages={61 - 83}
}
Abstract Behavioral scientists routinely publish broad claims about human psychology and behavior in the world's top journals based on samples drawn entirely from Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic (WEIRD) societies. Researchers – often implicitly – assume that either there is little variation across human populations, or that these “standard subjects” are as representative of the species as any other population. Are these assumptions justified? Here, our review of the… 
Toward a psychology of Homo sapiens: Making psychological science more representative of the human population
TLDR
Almost all research published by one of the leading journals, Psychological Science, relies on Western samples and uses these data in an unreflective way to make inferences about humans in general.
How Diverse Are the Samples Used in the Journals ‘Evolution & Human Behavior’ and ‘Evolutionary Psychology’?
Psychologists regularly draw inferences about populations based on data from small samples of people, and so have long been interested in how well those samples generalise to wider populations. There
Early false-belief understanding in traditional non-Western societies
TLDR
Three spontaneous-response tasks that have revealed early false-belief understanding in the West are used to test young children in three traditional, non-Western societies: Salar, Shuar/Colono (Ecuador) and Yasawan (Fiji).
Racial Inequality in Psychological Research: Trends of the Past and Recommendations for the Future
TLDR
It is argued that systemic inequality exists within psychological research and that systemic changes are needed to ensure that psychological research benefits from diversity in editing, writing, and participation.
Cross-Cultural Variation and fMRI Lie-Detection
As decidedly underscored by a recent editorial in Nature Neuroscience (2010), many experiments in cognitive neuroscience have been carried out using samples that are not representative of the general
What is a representative brain? Neuroscience meets population science
TLDR
A perspective is described—population neuroscience—that leverages interdisciplinary expertise to emphasize the importance of sampling to more clearly define the relevant populations and sampling strategies needed when using neuroscience methods to address such questions and deepen understanding of mechanisms within population science by providing insight regarding underlying neural mechanisms.
The mismeasure of ape social cognition
TLDR
This work analyzes problems and offers a more fruitful approach to the comparative study of social intelligence, which focuses on specific individual learning histories in specific ecological circumstances.
Implicit attitudes: meaning, measurement, and synergy with political science
The last quarter-century has witnessed an intellectual revolution in social psychology. Scholars in that field have increasingly come around to the notion that people possess attitudes that are
Understanding Differences in Cognition Across the Lifespan: Comparing Eastern and Western Cultures
In psychological research, an individual’s approach to cognitive tasks varies across cultures. Nowhere is this more evident than in studies comparing performance between individuals from Asian and
65% of Americans believe they are above average in intelligence: Results of two nationally representative surveys
TLDR
It is suggested that a tendency to overrate one’s cognitive abilities may be a stable feature of human psychology and not always unrealistic: more educated people were more likely to think their intelligence is above average.
...
...