[The von Hippel-Lindau syndrome with pheochromocytoma].

Abstract

The members of four generations of a family with Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome (VHL) have been followed by one of us (I.P.) for 30 years. The disease was proved in four members of this family, in three of them associated with pheochromocytoma. The grandmother (I-1) died at the age of 16 years two months after her first birth. The cause of death was not established. Her daughter (II-1) had 9 births with 5 children alive. Paresthesia and difficulties in walking followed by paraparesis and paraplegia were the first signs of the disease at the age of 58 years. The surgical treatment was performed because of an expansive lesion at the level of Th 3-4. Pathohistological examination was not done. It seems that a haemangioblastoma might be the cause of her disease. Diagnosis of pheochromocytoma was documented in a female patient (III-2) in 1972. Two years later she was successfully operated on. Pathohistological examination proved clinical diagnosis. She had also diabetes mellitus, cholelithiasis and cardiomyopathy. She died at the age of 56 years. A right-sided pheochromocytoma was diagnosed in a next female patient (III-4) at the age of 22 years. Her surgical treatment was successful. Retinal haemangioblastomatosis was established 7 years later in this patient. She was blind at the end of her life. Haemangioblastomatosis cerebelli was diagnosed soon, and she died at the age of 51 years. A 12- year old boy (IV-3) presented severe hypertension (36/24 kPa). Left-sided pheochromocytoma was removed in this patient one year later. Right-sided pheochromocytoma was operated on in the same patient at the age of 24 years. An elevated level of urinary dopamine was documented four years after the second operation. A malignant right-sided pheochromocytoma was operated on in the same patient 15 years later. At the same time metastases were found in the lower part of the right lung lobe. A 131-I-MIBG therapy could not be realized. He died at the age of 41. Pathohistological examinations proved the clinical diagnosis in this patient after all of three surgical treatments. MEN 2 syndrome was excluded by proper genetical analyses on the RET-protooncogen. Genetical analyses are in the course to identify the possible mutations of VHL-tumour-suppressor gene through the living members of the family. Multidisciplinary approach is mandatory in diagnosis, follow up and treatment of this specific group of patients. A collaboration among specialists of different fields of medicine (internal medicine, ophthalmology, neurology, radiology, urology, neurosurgery, biochemistry, pathology and genetics) is suggested.

Cite this paper

@article{Palmar2002TheVH, title={[The von Hippel-Lindau syndrome with pheochromocytoma].}, author={Ivan Palmar and Mirko Vircburger and Dusan Manojlovi{\'c} and Bozina Radevi{\'c} and Zoran Andjelkovi{\'c} and Bogdan Buri{\'c} and Milorad Savicevi{\'c} and Gorana Neskovi{\'c}}, journal={Srpski arhiv za celokupno lekarstvo}, year={2002}, volume={130 Suppl 2}, pages={43-6} }